HTML and CSS Reference
In-Depth Information
Playing a Sound with No Audio Tag
Now that we have a sound playing in an HTML5 page and we are tracking the properties
of the audio element on the canvas, it is time to step up their integration. The next step
is to do away with the <audio> tag embedded in the HTML page.
If you recall from Chapter 6 , we created a video element dynamically in the HTML
page and then used the canPlayType() method of the HTMLVideoElement object to figure
out what video file type to load for a particular browser. We will do something very
similar for audio.
Dynamically Creating an Audio Element in JavaScript
The first step to dynamically creating audio elements is to create a global variable named
audioElement . This variable will hold an instance of HTMLAudioElement that we will use
in our canvas application. Recall that audio elements in an HTML page are instances
of the HTMLAudioElement DOM object. We refer to them as audio objects when embed-
ded in an HTML page, and as instances of HTMLAudioElement when created dynamically
in JavaScript. However, they are essentially the same.
Don't fret if you don't like using global variables. By the end of this
chapter, we will show you a way to make these variables local to your
canvas application.
Next, we create our event handler for the window load event named eventWindow
Loaded() . Inside that function, we call the createElement() function of the DOM
document object, passing the value audio as the type of element to create. This will
dynamically create an audio object and put it into the DOM. By placing that object in
the audioElement variable, we can then dynamically place it onto the HTML page with
a call to the appendChild() method of the document.body DOM object:
window.addEventListener('load', eventWindowLoaded, false);
var audioElement;
function eventWindowLoaded() {
audioElement = document.createElement("audio");
However, just having a dynamically created audio element is not enough. We also need
to set the src attribute of the HTMLAudioElement object represented by audioElement to
a valid audio file to load and play. But the problem is that we don't yet know what type
of audio file the current browser supports. We will get that information from a function
we will create named supportedAudioFormat() . We will define this function so that it
returns a string value representing the extension of the file type we want to load. When
we have that extension, we concatenate it with the name of the sound we want to load,
and set the src with a call to the setAttribute() method of the HTMLAudioElement object:
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