HTML and CSS Reference
In-Depth Information
The values for some properties, such as color and font-family , are
inherited by child elements of the element where the property was set. If
that property was not explicitly declared for the child element, it will use
the inherited value for display. In the case of color , if the <body> element
has been set to black , then paragraphs, list contents, block quotes, and
other children will also have a color value of black . Because links have a
different color defined in the user agent style sheet, they will not appear
as black but as the default blue color (or other set default link color).
Inherited values are passed along to child elements as their computed
value. For example, font-size is inherited; thus, the value passed to the
child elements would be the final, calculated value in pixels and not the
original units, which may have been ems, ens, points, or pixels. If the
inherited value were to be in ems instead, the size would then be recal-
culated for each child that inherited it.
<p style=”font-size: 10px”>
<strong style=”2em”>
In the previous code example, the font-size for the <strong> element
is calculated to be 20px , and this is the value inherited by the <span>
element. If the specified value of 2em was inherited and the size recal-
culated, the <span> would have a font-sized value of 40px instead. I'll
further explain computed values in the next section.
Other properties, such as width , height , and margin , are not inherited
and cannot be inherited. This means that although you may place a
height value on a <div> or <article> element of 400px , all of that <div>
or <article> 's children will continue to use the default value of height
( auto ) unless their height is explicitly set.
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