HTML and CSS Reference
Backgrounds are an integral part of styling an HTML document. Solid
colors, patterns, tiles, gradients, unconventional borders, and nonrect-
angular shapes can all be achieved by applying the various background
properties to the right element.
The background-color property is applied throughout the content area
of the element and is drawn behind any background-image that is set.
■ <color> : The color of the background
■ transparent : No color fill for the background (default)
The background-image property is used to specify a background image
for an element.
■ <uri> : The path to the image file in the format url(path) or quoted
with single or double quotes such as url("path") and url('path') .
■ none : No background image is used (default).
The <uri> , when a relative path, is calculated based on the location of
the document containing the given style rule and not the source HTML
document (unless they are one and the same). This way, you don't have
to worry about paths working the same from the HTML documents
index.html and /blog/2010/07/27/post-title. It also makes it easier to
move the assets together onto a new server or content delivery network.