SQL/MM is produced under JTC 1. The Joint Technical Committee
(JTC-1) of ISO and IEC establishes international Information Technol-
ogy (IT) standards. The scope of JTC 1 includes “… the specification,
design and development of systems and tools dealing with the
capture, representation, processing, security, transfer, interchange,
presentation, management, organization, storage and retrieval of
information” [JTC-1 2006]. The participants are national bodies,
where each participating member country has one vote to affect the
evolving and final standard.
The American National Standards Institute (ANSI), founded in
1918, “coordinates the development and use of voluntary consensus
standards in the United States and represents the needs and views of
U.S. stakeholders in standardization forums around the globe. ANSI
is the official U.S. representative to the International Organization for
Standardization (ISO) and, via the U.S. National Committee, the
International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). ANSI is also a
member of the International Accreditation Forum (IAF)” [ANSI].
ANSI accredits Standards Development Organizations (SDOs) to
develop standards in specific technology areas.
The International Committee for Information Technology Stan-
dards (INCITS) [INCITS 2006] is accredited by ANSI in the area of IT
standards and represents US interests by serving as the Technical
Advisory Group (TAG) to JTC-1. The INCITS/H2 Technical Com-
mittee on Database is responsible for database language standards
including representing the US as TAG to the SQL/MM Data Mining
effort within ISO/IEC JTC 1.
As this topic goes to press, the second edition of SQL/MM DM is
facing a final vote in a national body ballot. This version includes
limited editorial changes. Currently, no further editions of this stan-
dard are expected.
Java Community Process
The Java Community Process (JCP) [SUN 2005] defines how the
international Java community develops and evolves Java technology.
Changes to Java technology begin with a Java Specification Request
(JSR), which can be initiated by any JCP member. The JCP specifies
several phases of standard development to enable timely and practi-
cal delivery of the Java standard application programming interface
(API). These phases include initiation, early draft, public draft, and
maintenance . In the initiation phase, any community member can