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Fig. 1.7 Effect of solid concentrations on heat up time of pretreatment reactor containing biomass
enzymes and microbial systems, as well as improved understanding of the basis for
biomass recalcitrance are critical determinants of the successful implementation of
Acknowledgements This work was funded by the US DOE Office of the Biomass Program.
The authors also acknowledge the valuable intellectual insights provided by Dr. James McMillan,
National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, on issues related to transport
processes in biochemical conversion of lignocellulosic biomass.
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