HTML and CSS Reference
In-Depth Information
This topic covered the fundamental concepts of HTML as the language of the web. HTML
can be used to create any web page, regardless of its complexity.
In the first chapter we introduced the basic terminology and building blocks of the HTML
language. We learned about opening tags, closing tags and tag attributes. We also elaborated
on using markup language to define a proper document structure before learning more about
the historical development of HTML specifications and the birth of today's HTML5.
The actual learning of HTML and HTML tags began with the second chapter. We became
familiar with the generic markup structure for an HTML page. This generic structure con-
sists of a <head> section, in which all the functionality of the page is defined and a <body>
section, in which all the actual content appears. Additionally, we encountered the most com-
mon tags that go into the <head> sections, which are <meta> and <title>. Finally, we learned
how to help the browser distinguish between different HTML versions by defining a docu-
ment declaration.
Next, in chapter three, we learned the most common HTML elements. We learned how to
place content on a web page and give it structure using the appropriate tags. We started from
paragraphs and headings, continued on with lists and tables and finally dealt with images
and links. We also created comments to help us improve our coding without affecting the
web browser.
In the final chapter we visited the latest semantic tags introduced in HTML5. We started by
sectioning content with simple <section> and <article> tags before moving on to more spe-
cific structures like navigation menus and side content. We worked with headers and footers,
then expanded on the semantics of images with the <figure> and <figcaption> tags. Finally,
we looked at the capability of different browsers to handle the latest HTML5 elements and
looked at some alternatives to actual implementation by applying JavaScript and CSS
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