HTML and CSS Reference
In-Depth Information
Bootstrap is a free, open-source collection of tools for creating responsive web sites 3 and web applications [36]. The
templates of Bootstrap are based on HTML5 and CSS3, and cover navigation, typography, forms, buttons, and other
web site components (Figure 11-7 ), as well as optional JavaScript extensions. Bootstrap is compatible with all the
modern browsers, and gracefully degrades when used on older browsers such as Internet Explorer 8.
Figure 11-7. A Bootsrap template
The modular structure of Bootstrap relies on a set of LESS style sheets called bootstrap.less , making it possible
to use variables, functions, operators, nested selectors, and mixins.
The default grid system for Responsive Web Design comes with a 1,170 pixels wide grid layout, however, web
designers can choose a variable-width layout as well. The four target device classes in both cases are mobile phones
with portrait and landscape orientation, tablets and desktop computers with low and high resolution screen. Selecting
a device class modifies the width of the columns.
To use Bootstrap in the markup, you have to download the CSS file of Bootstrap and link it in the document head.
Alternatively, the CSS file from the downloaded Less or Sass style sheets can be compiled with a special compiler. If
you want to use the JavaScript components too, you have to load them on top of the jQuery library in your markup.
3 Since version 2.
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