pioneering geologist James Hutton in 1788 to bolster his theory that the basaltic
rocks of Salisbury Crags were formed by the cooling of molten lava.
Continue onto Queen's Dr, built in the 19th century as a scenic carriage drive for
Queen Victoria and Prince Albert during their stays at Holyroodhouse. Closed to mo-
tor vehicles on Sundays, the drive winds across the southern slopes of Arthur's Seat,
with grand views over the city to the Pentland Hills.
Where the road curves sharply to the north (left), a footpath on the right (signposted)
leads to Jacob's Ladder, a steep staircase of 209 steps that descends to the western
edge of Duddingston Village.
The picturesque little village of Duddingston dates from the 12th century, though
only the church survives from that era; most of the houses are 18th-century, includ-
or a pint. Nearby is Prince Charlie's Cottage , where the Young Pretender held a
council of war before the Battle of Prestonpans in 1745.