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Fig. 2.2 Urban land use ( dark gray ) (from Remotely sensed data (EEA, 1990) in the Six European
city regions)
again rooted in the notion that infrastructure, people and economy interact and that
transport infrastructures in particular play a key role in reinforcing or constraining
sprawl processes. The main goal of the project is to evaluate the impact of new
transport infrastructures on sprawl processes and to provide policy recommenda-
tions to local authorities that are willing to reduce sprawl and its impacts.
The SCATTER project analyzes sprawl using both qualitative and quantitative
methods, and considers a sample of six European cities (Bristol, Brussels, Helsinki,
Milan, Rennes and Stuttgart). Figure 2.2 shows the CORINE-based land use maps
of these cities, based on the visual interpretation of Landsat and SPOT satellite
images. In Fig. 2.3 we show the cities as we have partitioned them into administra-
tive units where we record population and related economic change associating this
with land cover change in Fig. 2.2 . A number of models have been developed for
these cities where it is clear that although all size cities have been characterized by
physical sprawl for the last 40 years, population and employment have not been
continuously increasing. In Europe we are encountering a phenomenon which has
long dominated North American cities, that is, despite continued sprawl, economics
and population might actually be declining in such sprawling cities.
At this point, it is worth digressing a little to note how urban remote sensing might
be able to provide data that can be complemented by traditional socioeconomic data.
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