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material requirements, reducing energy expense in compression and lique-
faction process, and therefore reducing the total cost. For the high pressure
gas storage, the challenge lies in increasing H 2 pressure, finding new light-
weight and higher strength materials for vessels. For liquid hydrogen storage,
the design of cryogenic vessel and reduction of the cost and energy loss in
liquefaction process present the main challenges. In addition, the concern of
safety of using pure hydrogen is an issue to the public. Thus, for future
hydrogen cars, safer and more reliable storage methods need to be developed,
and chemical storage is one alternative with high promise.
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