HTML and CSS Reference
In-Depth Information
Now that our values have been updated, we simply draw the ball at the x and y coordinates
specified bythe x and y properties, andwearedone—that is,until drawScreen() iscalled 33
milliseconds later:
context . fillStyle = "#000000" ;
context . beginPath ();
context . arc ( ball . x , ball . y , 15 , 0 , Math . PI * 2 , true
true );
context . closePath ();
context . fill ();
Let'strytheexample byexecuting itinawebbrowser.Youcanfinditinthecodedistribution
as CH5EX2.html , or you can type in Example 5-2 . Watch the ball move from one point to an-
other. If you update the x and y values of each point, or change the speed, watch the results.
You can do a lot with this very simple example.
Tracing movement: A path of points
For many of the examples in this chapter, we will create a way to trace an object's movement
on the canvas by drawing points to show its path. We have done this to help illustrate how
objectsmove.However,intherealworld,youwouldneedtoremovethisfunctionality sothat
your application will perform to its potential. This is the only place we will discuss this code,
so if you see it listed in any of the later examples in this chapter, refer back to this section to
refresh your memory on its functionality.
First, we create an array in canvasApp() to hold the set of points we will draw on the canvas:
var points = new
new Array ();
Next, we load a black 4×4 pixel image, point.png , which we will use to display the points on
the canvas:
var pointImage = new
new Image ();
pointImage . src = "point.png" ;
Wheneverwecalculateapointforanobjectwewillmove,wepushthatpointintothe points
points . push ({ x : ball . x , y : ball . y });
On each call to drawScreen() , we draw the set of points we have put into the points array.
Remember, we have to redraw every point each time because the canvas is an immediate-
mode display surface that does not retain any information about the images drawn onto it:
for ( var
var i = 0 ; i < points . length ; i ++ ) {
context . drawImage ( pointImage , points [ i ]. x , points [ i ]. y , 1 , 1 );
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