HTML and CSS Reference
for the element, which will look like a snippet of HTML source code. This beha-
vior doesn't help you discover the properties that a referenced HTML element has,
so in cases like this, use the console method console.dir() instead of con-
sole.log() . This method will show you the properties of a particular object sent to
Other objects of note in the window object include the following:
• The navigator object contains information about the web browser being
used such as the plug-ins installed and vendor and version information. Also
contained in this object is geolocation information.
• The screen object contains information about the dimensions, color depth,
and related information about the display being used to view the current web
• The history object contains methods for accessing the browser's forward and
back buttons and related functionality programmatically.
• The location object contains information about the web page URL address.
The website can be redirected by setting the href property in this object, such
• The document object contains the DOM representation of all the HTML ele-
ments on the web page currently being viewed.
Some information will be buried; for instance, you may not immediately find the
alert() method that was used earlier. For this we need to look at the prototype used
to create the window object, which is accessible through the following:
// log the
window object's prototype.