HTML and CSS Reference
In-Depth Information
Breaking lines: br and wbr
The line break element, br (rendered as <br> or <br /> , because it's self-closing)
is typically used in content where a new line is an expected part of the content format,
such as is the case with a postal address or poem. The City Press uses this in the footer
section for the postal address:
<b>The City Press</b><br />
123 General Street<br />
Springfield, OH 45501
The other line breaking element, wbr (or <wbr /> ), is new in HTML5. It defines
where in a word it would be OK to break to a new line if space didn't permit the whole
word. In the City Press web page, a company named IrrigationDirect (all one word) is
mentioned. This is a perfect candidate for the wbr element, because the HTML can in-
struct the browser to break the name in the middle if need be, and the name will still
make sense. Here's the code:
<i>Irrigation<wbr />Direct</i>
Other text-level elements
This section covers a few stragglers that didn't get used in the City Press web pageā€”let's
briefly run through them anyway!
Title of a work: cite
The cite element represents the title of a work such as a book, song, film, TV show,
a painting, and so on. We've already encountered the cite attribute, used within the
blockquote element to attribute a source to the quote, but there is also a cite ele-
ment to contain stand-alone references not associated with any particular element or
citations of other material. Most user agents will display a citation in italic font, a typo-
graphic convention you'll often see in the print world as well.
Formatting computer I/O: code, var, samp, kbd
The code , var , samp , and kbd elements are all unchanged from the prior HTML
specification. They define a fragment of computer code, a variable, sample output from
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