Environmental Engineering Reference
Those CIA that are selected from the library of CIA are linked with at least one
institutional indicator from the available portfolio that can help to evaluate the
respective CIA, eventually leading to statements about the effectiveness of policy
implementation in PICA Step four. For further processing, only those indicators are
selected that are considered to have some explanatory power with respect to the
policy option under scrutiny. At this stage, the PICA expert team has to interact
with other members of the SEAMLESS expert team, in particular with modelling
and data base experts. Here, the availability, quality, and geographical scope of
quantitative data need to be discussed. Further, the precise forms and scopes of
suggested qualitative assessments need to be decided on.
For illustration, Tables 3.2 , 3.3 , and 3.4 contain examples of institutional indica-
tors that might be used as proxies for assessing the extent of the selected CIA.
Table 3.2 Institutional indicators for assessing the CIA 'Bargaining power of farmers' associations'
Expert assumptions on links
between indicator and CIA 15
in a farmers'
High percentages indicate
a strong bargaining
power of farmers'
Number of farmers'
High numbers indicate a
relatively weak (total)
bargaining power of
(of a country)
Data assembled by
A high number indicates a
high influence on the
political decision making
process at EU level and
strong bargaining power
Ratio = Number of
in the farming
A low ratio may indicate a
farming system dominated
by large farms (latifundium
system) and, thus, a high
influence on the political
decision making process at
15 Please note that this column will contain specific assumptions on links between indicator, CIA,
and policy option when actually running PICA. It will be filled by the PICA expert team after
discussing the relevance and sufficiency of available indicators for evaluating the identified CIA
with respect to the concrete policy option. This process is also likely to produce a restricted
(smaller) list of those institutional indicators related to a respective CIA that can be linked mean-
ingfully with the policy option under scrutiny.