Agriculture Reference
In-Depth Information
TABLE 3.1 Proximate and underlying drivers of global environmental change
Environmental change
Proximate driver
Underlying driver
Forest clearing (cutting and burning)
Agricultural conversion (tillage, for row crops, terracing, tree, crops)
Land abandonment
Urban/suburban expansion
Demand for food
Dietary preferences
Demand for goods and services (technology, cars, etc.)
Cultural change
Fossil fuel burning
Agricultural practices (nitrogen,, methane)
Biomass burning
Industrial technology
Demand for mobility
Demand for consumer products
Demand for food
Technology change
Dams, impoundments
Municipal water systems and leakage/evaporative loss
Transportation systems
Waste disposal techniques
Industrial water use/technology, change (i.e. natural gas fracking)
Agricultural irrigation
Demand for water (direct human use)
Demand for food (irrigation)
Demand for consumer products (industrial processes)
Lack of investment in systems (waste)
Demand for mobility
Sediment and nutrient pollution, from land cover conversion
Groundwater removal
Fishing intensity and techniques
Sewage treatment technology
Urbanization/coastal development
Pollution from industry, consumers, chemical spills
Demand for recreation
Demand for food/dietary preferences
Landscape amenity
Lifestyle/cultural preferences
Clearing of natural/forest ecosystems
Invasive species
Expansion of urban areas/suburbs
Demand for food
Landscape amenity
Source : derived from Table 1, Executive Summary of Steffen et al ., 2012.
Proximate drivers are the immediate human activities that drive a particular environment change. Underlying drivers are related to the fundamental needs and economic desires of
individuals or groups.
Search WWH ::

Custom Search