Geography Reference
In-Depth Information
Kangxi (1654?-1722): One of the two great Manchu emperors
(r. 1662-1722); consolidated the Qing conquest of China, conquered
and incorporated Taiwan into Chinese territory, and secured the sub-
mission of the Outer Mongols in the 1690s.
Kao Chun-ming, Rev. (Gao Junming; 1929-): Native of Taiwan
and veteran democracy activist and human rights campaigner. The
Japanese imprisoned Kao in a labor camp in Japan during World
War II, forcing him to manufacture munitions for the Japanese mili-
tary. After the war Kao became a minister in the Presbyterian Church
in Taiwan and eventually rose to the rank of General Secretary of the
church, a capacity in which he served from 1970 to 1989. Kao was
imprisoned for four years in the 1980s for his role in harboring the
fugitive Shih Ming-teh in the wake of the Kaohsiung Incident. Kao is
widely respected in Taiwan today but does have a few critics and
Kerr, George H. (1911-1992): American diplomat who lived in
Japan and Taiwan for five or six years just prior to the outbreak of
war between Japan and the United States in 1941. After the war Kerr
was an eyewitness to the February 28, 1947, massacres in Taiwan. His
topic, Formosa Betrayed, published in 1965, is a classic indictment of
Kuomintang brutality. (It was banned in Taiwan until the island's
democratization.) Kerr is very well thought of in Taiwan.
Khubilai Khan (1215-1294): Mongol conqueror and grandson of
Chinggis Khan (Genghis Khan); emperor to the Chinese and Grand
Khan of the Mongol world empire; sent his younger brother Hulegu
to conquer Persia and Mesopotamia, while he attacked and ultimately
conquered all of China by 1279; “the most powerful man since Adam”
according to Marco Polo.
King Wen (fl. twelfth century B.C.): Early Western Zhou ruler who
led his people in revolution against late Shang tyranny; traditionally
credited with discerning Heaven's will that a change of dynasty take
King Wu (fl. twelfth century B.C.; r. 1111-1104 B.C.): Early Western
Zhou ruler, son of King Wen, who finished his father's revolution by
overthrowing the Shang and establishing a new dynasty.
Lao-tzu: See Laozi.
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