Agriculture Reference
In-Depth Information
Rickets
Symptoms: The disease causes weakness of the bones. The chicks will not be able to walk
properly and in severe cases will not be able to breathe. The chick's beaks will be soft.
Causes: This is caused by nutritional deficiencies of Vitamin D3, Phosphorus and calcium.
With carefully balanced commercial feeds, this problem does not usually occur. When us-
ing home made recipes be sure to make the feed properly balanced nutritionally.
Treatment: Using properly balanced feeds will eliminate the problem and cure any defi-
ciencies that the chicks may have. Use supplements 3 times the recommended dose of Vit-
amin D3.
Brooder Pneumonia
Symptoms: The birds breathe with difficulty and have white diarrhea.
Causes: This is a fungal infection and can infect birds through wet, rotten wood in the coop.
Moldy feed can also cause this problem.
Treatment: The brooder should be kept warm and dry. Fresh feed and water should be given
daily and the food should be kept in airtight dry and cool containers. The brooder should
be cleaned regularly.
Coccidiosis
Symptoms: This is a parasite that gets into the chicken's gut. The first signs will be blood
in the stool. Egg production will decrease and the birds will be lethargic.
Causes: The parasite can be found in dirty water, damp living conditions and the stool of
infected birds.
Treatment: Coxiod can be added to the drinking water of the chickens. Giving the birds
vinegar-garlic solution can help to prevent outbreaks. The chicks should be vaccinated
against this parasite. Coxiod can be added to their drinking water to prevent infection.
Salmonella
Symptoms: This is a bacterium that lives in the gut of many animals including chickens.
There are often no symptoms but if the birds get sick they can exhibit purple colored
wattles and combs. They will be lethargic. They will also have a decreased appetite and
increased water consumption. Egg-laying will be decreased.
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