H. himalaya is first known from locality, Molta, at 3,000 m altitude in Uttar
Pradesh state, India. The 3,000 m elevation is at the upper end of the temperate
zone and consists of mixed oak and conifer forest. The sub-alpine forest begins at
3,000 m and extends to 3,400 m; the alpine zone ranges from 3,400 to 4,200 m ele-
vation. The type specimen is collected from Himalayan thar. The Himalayan thar, a
wild goat variety, feeds in valleys in summer when snow melts from March to
April, and later in the year these goats move upward.
It is known from localities between 3,200 and 9,750 ft altitude in northern India
2.4.6 Haemaphysalis sundrai
This species was first described by Sharif in 1928 from three female specimens col-
lected on domestic sheep in Uttarakhand state (previously part of Uttar Pradesh
state) of India. Later on Dhanda and Bhat described the male and redescribed the
female in 1971, with ecologic observations ( Figure 2.25 ). 51
Figure 2.25 Distribution of
H. sundrai in India. (
of first record.
Map not to scale.