Ventromedian setae of palpal segment II are rather cone-like in contrast with those
of nymph, denticulated. Hypostome is with 2/2 longitudinal rows of denticles.
Legs: All coxa are without spurs.
Immature stages: Goat.
Adults: Goat, sheep.
India (Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir), South
Russia, Moldova, Crimea, North Caucasus, Dagestan, Transcaucasia, Armenia,
Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenia, southern
Europe, islands of Mediterranean sea, Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Western
China, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Iraq, Yemen, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Italy,
This species mainly inhabits foothills and mountainous semi-deserts and dry steppe
biotopes (extensive plain without trees), and occurs up to 2,200 m or even up to
2,500 m above sea level in valleys between mountain ridges. The species is charac-
terized by pasture type of questing (a field covered with grass) and by three-host
life cycle. Life cycle takes 1.5
2 years to complete.
Medical Importance 110
The species is a vector of sheep anaplasmosis on the south of Kyrgyzstan and
2.4.4 Haemaphysalis kashmirensis
This species was collected by Varma in 1959 in Kashmir area of India during a col-
lection trip for the Virus Research Center in Pune, India (now National Institute of
Virology), along with H. cornupunctata. Both these species were observed to be
new and were described by Hoogstraal and Varma in 1962 ( Figure 2.19 ).
Male ( Figures 2.20 and 2.21 ) 51
Overall body length measures approximately 4.00 mm, width 2.45 mm.
Capitulum: Basis capitulum length is slightly greater than width; cornua are
robust, elongate, triangular, almost as long as the base, and with fairly sharply
pointed apices. Palpi have a conical outline. Hypostome is moderately stout, with
slightly convex lateral margins; dental formula is 6/6, with approximately 9
denticles in a file.