number 11; dental formula is 4/4; porose areas are oval and moderate in size and quite
spaced from each other; external genitalia are uniquely indented...................[H. sulcata]
Coxal spurs are moderate; posteroventral spur is moderate but blunt and inwardly
directed; infrainternal setae number from five to eleven; dental formula is either 6/6 or
7/7; porose areas are elongately oval...................
3. Coxal spurs are hook-like; posteroventral spur on palpal segment III is blunt or rounded
and just crossing the suture between palpal segment II and III; porose areas are oval and
inclined inwardly; dental formula is 6/6...................
Coxal spurs are elongately triangular or conventionally triangular, posteroventral spur on
palpal segment III is hook-like or inwardly directed and reaching to the suture between
palpal segment II and III; porose areas are circular and small; dental formula is
4. Porose areas are moderately sized, oval, and inclined inwardly; infrainternal setae number
11; cornua are small but blunt; all coxal spurs are almost equal in size and are hook-like;
palps are loosely arranged...................[H. kashmirensis]
Porose areas are larger, oval, and inclined inwardly; infrainternal setae number seven;
cornua are obsolete; coxal spurs decrease in size a little from coxa I to IV, except on
coxa I where it is hook shaped, all others are triangular in shape; palps are compactly
5. Coxal spurs are triangular, elongately spatulate on coxa I, while broad or ridge-like trian-
gular on other coxa; posteroventral spur on palpal segment III is triangular, short, and
inwardly directed; infrainternal setae are six in number; porose areas are small, circular,
and well spaced; cornua are short and blunt...................[H. himalaya]
Spur on coxa I is elongately triangular and blunt, while ridge-like or plate-like on others;
posteroventral spur on palpal segment III is hook-like and inwardly directed; infrainternal
setae number five; porose areas are circular and moderate in size; cornua are broadly tri-
angular, moderately sized, and pointed...................[H. sundrai]
2.4.2 Haemaphysalis nepalensis
This species was first described by Hoogstraal in 1962. The specimens were origi-
nally collected off white-bellied rats in the Leucopani area of Nepal in 1960 by
R.L. Fleming; hence, the name of the species is after the place of collection
( Figure 2.13 ).
Male ( Figures 2.14 and 2.15 ) 52
Overall body length measures approximately 2.6 mm, width 1.6 mm.
Capitulum: Capitulum is approximately 0.5 mm in length. Cornua are fairly
widely triangular, approximately 0.35 as long as the base. Ventrally with short,
broad, medially directed retrograde spur on segment III. Hypostome lateral margins
are parallel; dental formula is 4/4, with maximum nine to ten denticles per file.
Scutum: Scutum is approximately 0.7 as wide as long, widest at the level of
coxa IV. Lateral grooves are very short, extending only to the level of coxa IV and
enclosing only first pair of festoons; cervical grooves are short, narrow, moderately
deep, comma-shaped; punctations are superficial, irregularly sized and distributed,