Biology Reference
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Figure 2.122 Haemaphysalis kumaonensis. (A) Male, dorsal and ventral side; (B) female,
dorsal and ventral side; (C) nymph, dorsal and ventral side; (D) larva, dorsal and ventral
Female ( Figures 2.122 and 2.123 )
The total body length is 3.07 mm, showing elongated body structure.
Capitulum: Capitulum is 0.6 mm long with very little or low salience on palpal
segment II. Basis capitulum is rectangular in shape with very small or no cornua.
Porose areas are oval and large. Basis capitulum shows no punctations. Palps are
compactly arranged. Palpal segment II ventrally shows seven long, lanceolate, and
closely placed infrainternal setae. Dorsally palpal segment II shows ridge-like
structure at the base. The space/suture between palpal articles II and III dorsally is
signifying the gripping or holding development of evolution. Palpal segment III on
ventral side shows broadly triangular, blunt, and inwardly directed spur, just reach-
ing or crossing the base of palpal segment III. Hypostome is 0.3 mm long; dental
formula is 6/6, with nine to ten denticles per file.
Scutum: Scutum is oval in shape. Cervical grooves are well marked, convex,
and more than two-thirds of scutum length. Punctations are scattered all over the
scutum with varying sizes and shapes. Festoons are not so deeply marked and
broader than long. Chitinous body other than scutum displays lots of hairs.
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