Biology Reference
In-Depth Information
Host 71
Immature stages: Fox, Indian gray mongoose, Indian small mongoose, Asiatic
jackal, leopard, honey badger, house shrew, Indian hares, jungle cat, and large
Indian civet.
Adults: Mice, mongoose, shrew, small mammals, forest wagtail bird, fox, jackal,
domestic dog, honey badger, and chital deer.
Distribution 71
India (Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka,
Maharashtra, Orissa, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand (formerly a part of Uttar Pradesh),
West Bengal).
Disease Relationship
Not known.
2.11 Proposed New Species
2.11.1 Haemaphysalis kumaonensis (subgenus: Herpetobia)
Male ( Figures 2.122 and 2.123 )
The body is elongate and total length of the body is 2.96 mm.
Capitulum: Capitulum is 0.5 mm long from the base of cornua. Cornua are
broadly triangular, blunt, or rounded. Basis capitulum is rectangular in shape with
few varied punctations. Palpi are compactly arranged with very little salience on
palpal segment II. Palpal segment II bears seven long, lanceolate, and closely
placed infrainternal setae. On dorsobasal side of palpal segment a ridge-like out-
growth appears. Palpal segment III shows a small broadly triangular but blunt and
inwardly directed spur on ventral side, overlapping little on palpal segment II.
Hypostome is 0.21 mm long, globular with 6/6 dental formula, and having eight to
nine denticles per file.
Scutum: Scutum is 1.6 times as long as broad. Punctations are present all over
the scutum and are varying in size and shape. Festoons are deeply marked but are
not as long as broad. Cervical grooves are very short and convex but well marked.
Lateral grooves include first festoon on both the sides and reach up to the base of
coxa II.
Legs: Coxa are increasing in size from I to IV. Each coxa bears a hook-like
spur. Coxa I spur is broadly triangular, moderately large with a hook-like structure.
Coxa II and III spurs are small, triangular, and hook-like. Coxa IV spur is elon-
gately triangular with pointed but hook-like or curved in shape. Trochanters show
ridge-like outgrowths.
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