Image Processing Reference
The Lick Observatory is part of the University of California observatory system
and is located on Mount Hamilton near San Jose, California, at an altitude of 1280
m. Lick Observatory is home to seven telescopes, the largest of which is the 3-m
Shane Reflector, equipped with both natural and laser guide star systems. Both sys-
tems are available for regular use. The Lick Observatory has a long history of con-
tributions to astronomy, having been founded in 1888.
Gavel, D.T., E.L. Gates, C.E. Max, S.S. Olivier, B.J. Bauman, D.M. Penning-
ton, B.A. Macintosh, J. Patience, C.G. Brown, P.M. Danforth, R.L. Hurd, S.A.
Severson, J.P. Lloyd, “Recent science and engineering results with the laser
guide star adaptive optic system at Lick Observatory,” Proceedings of SPIE ,
4839 , 354-359 (2003).
Bauman, B.J., D.T. Gavel, K.E. Waltjen, G.J. Freeze, R.L. Hurd, E.L. Gates,
C.E. Max, S.S. Olivier, D.M. Pennington, “Update on optical design of adap-
tive optics system at Lick Observatory,” Proceedings of SPIE ,
4494 , 19-29
Mount Wilson Observatory
The Mount Wilson Observatory, located near Pasadena, California, has been in-
volved in the development of adaptive optics since Babcock's first paper (1953).
Several active and adaptive optics systems have been developed or used on the site.
Presently, two adaptive optics systems operate at the Mount Wilson Observatory.
The Mount Wilson Institute Adoptics system is a natural guide star system mounted
on the Cassegrain focus of the Hooker 2.5-m telescope. UnISIS is a laser guide star
adaptive optics system Coude focus of the same telescope. Both instruments have
high-order deformable mirrors and separate tip-tilt systems. The observatory is at
an altitude of 1742 meters.
Thompson, L.A., S.W. Teare, “Rayleigh laser guide star systems: application
to the University of Illinois seeing improvement system,” Publ. Astron. Soc.
Pacific , 114 , 1029-1042 (2002).
Schneider, T.G., J.C. Shelton, “Real-time distributed processing in the Mt.
Wilson 100-inch Hooker telescope adaptive optics system,” Proceedings of
SPIE , 4009 , 411-420 (2000).