System.out.println("Generic Exception catch.");
/* This catch is never reached because
ArithmeticException is a subclass of Exception. */
catch(ArithmeticException e) { // ERROR - unreachable
System.out.println("This is never reached.");
If you try to compile this program, you will receive an error message stating that the
second catch statement is unreachable because the exception has already been caught. Since
ArithmeticException is a subclass of Exception, the first catch statement will handle all
Exception-based errors, including ArithmeticException. This means that the second catch
statement will never execute. To fix the problem, reverse the order of the catch statements.
Nested tr y Statements
The try statement can be nested. That is, a try statement can be inside the block of another try.
Each time a try statement is entered, the context of that exception is pushed on the stack. If an
inner try statement does not have a catch handler for a particular exception, the stack is
unwound and the next try statement's catch handlers are inspected for a match. This continues
until one of the catch statements succeeds, or until all of the nested try statements are exhausted.
If no catch statement matches, then the Java run-time system will handle the exception. Here
is an example that uses nested try statements:
// An example of nested try statements.
class NestTry {
public static void main(String args[]) {
try {
int a = args.length;
/* If no command-line args are present,
the following statement will generate
a divide-by-zero exception. */
int b = 42 / a;
System.out.println("a = " + a);
try { // nested try block
/* If one command-line arg is used,
then a divide-by-zero exception
will be generated by the following code. */
if(a==1) a = a/(a-a); // division by zero
/* If two command-line args are used,
then generate an out-of-bounds exception. */
if(a==2) {
int c[] = { 1 };
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