If you wish to try these two packages, here are two test files you can use. The one for
package p1 is shown here:
// Demo package p1.
package p1;
// Instantiate the various classes in p1.
public class Demo {
public static void main(String args[]) {
Protection ob1 = new Protection();
Derived ob2 = new Derived();
SamePackage ob3 = new SamePackage();
The test file for p2 is shown next:
// Demo package p2.
package p2;
// Instantiate the various classes in p2.
public class Demo {
public static void main(String args[]) {
Protection2 ob1 = new Protection2();
OtherPackage ob2 = new OtherPackage();
Importing Packages
Given that packages exist and are a good mechanism for compartmentalizing diverse classes
from each other, it is easy to see why all of the built-in Java classes are stored in packages.
There are no core Java classes in the unnamed default package; all of the standard classes
are stored in some named package. Since classes within packages must be fully qualified
with their package name or names, it could become tedious to type in the long dot-separated
package path name for every class you want to use. For this reason, Java includes the import
statement to bring certain classes, or entire packages, into visibility. Once imported, a class
can be referred to directly, using only its name. The import statement is a convenience to
the programmer and is not technically needed to write a complete Java program. If you are
going to refer to a few dozen classes in your application, however, the import statement will
save a lot of typing.
In a Java source file, import statements occur immediately following the package statement
(if it exists) and before any class definitions. This is the general form of the import statement:
import pkg1[.pkg2].(classname|*);
Here, pkg1 is the name of a top-level package, and pkg2 is the name of a subordinate
package inside the outer package separated by a dot (.). There is no practical limit on the
depth of a package hierarchy, except that imposed by the file system. Finally, you specify
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