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for(x = 0; x<10; x++)
You might want to try this. As you will see, the loop still runs exactly the same as it did
before.
Java also provides a decrement operator, which is specified as . This operator decreases
its operand by one.
Using Blocks of Code
Java allows two or more statements to be grouped into blocks of code, also called code blocks.
This is done by enclosing the statements between opening and closing curly braces. Once a
block of code has been created, it becomes a logical unit that can be used any place that a
single statement can. For example, a block can be a target for Java's if and for statements.
Consider this if statement:
if(x < y) { // begin a block
x = y;
y = 0;
} // end of block
Here, if x is less than y, then both statements inside the block will be executed. Thus, the two
statements inside the block form a logical unit, and one statement cannot execute without
the other also executing. The key point here is that whenever you need to logically link two
or more statements, you do so by creating a block.
Let's look at another example. The following program uses a block of code as the target
of a for loop.
/*
Demonstrate a block of code.
Call this file "BlockTest.java"
*/
class BlockTest {
public static void main(String args[]) {
int x, y;
y = 20;
// the target of this loop is a block
for(x = 0; x<10; x++) {
System.out.println("This is x: " + x);
System.out.println("This is y: " + y);
y = y - 2;
}
}
}
The output generated by this program is shown here:
This is x: 0
This is y: 20
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